Are you a Health Professional? Jump over to the doctors only platform. Click Here

Kidney Cancer (Renal Cancer)

highlighted kidneys
Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Cancer and the body


Cancer overview

CancerCancer, a condition of abnormal cell growth, is the second most common cause of death in developed countries. Normal cell growth is a carefully regulated process. Cancer cells replicate in an uncontrolled manner, and can move from one part of the body to another.

For more information,see Cancer: Overview.

Anatomy of the renal system

Anatomy of the renal systemThe kidneys are bean-shaped organs which help the body produce urine to get rid of unwanted waste substances. When urine is formed, tubes called ureters transport it to the urinary bladder, where it is stored and excreted via the urethra. The kidneys are also important in controlling our blood pressure and producing red blood cells.

For more information, see Anatomy of the Renal System

Kidney cancer


Renal cell carcinoma

Renal cell carcinomaRenal cell carcinoma is the most common form of cancer that originates in the kidney. It occurs due to the mutation of cells in the kidney’s filtering system. Renal cell carcinoma often has few symptoms, so may be diagnosed quite late, and tend to spread to other organs quite early.

For more information, see Renal Cell Carcinoma.

Types of kidney cancer

Types of kidney cancer imageThere are many types of renal (kidney) cell cancers (RCCs). Each type of tumour is derived from a different cell type within the kidney and has its own distinct characteristics.

For more information, see Types of Kidney Cancer.


Genetic typing of cancers

Genetic typing of cancers imageIndividuals that inherit a genetic mutation from their parents are at a greater risk of certain types of cancers. Familial cancer syndromes are the group of cancers where patients inherit genes that do not function properly, increasing the risk of developing cancer.

For more information, see Genetic Typing of Cancers.



Treatments for kidney cancer

Treatments for kidney cancer imageAvailable treatments for RCC depend on the degree of advancement. Localised RCCs (confined to the kidney) can be cured with surgery; however, surgery for metastatic clear cell RCC cannot cure RCC but still offers some survival benefit.

For more information, see Treatments for Kidney Cancer.


NephrectomyNephrectomy refers to the surgical removal of a kidney. It is indicated for conditions such as kidney stones, kidney cancer, polycystic kidney disease (PKD), renal tuberculosis, chronic pyelonephritis, dysplastic kidney and hypertension (high blood pressure).

For more information, see Nephrectomy.


Biological therapy (Biotherapy)

Needle imageBiological therapy, or biotherapy, immunotherapy or biological response modifiers, are gaining increasing prominence as anti-cancer agents. They may be used either alone or in combination with traditional anti-cancer treatments such as chemotherapy.

For more information, see Biological therapy (Biotherapy).

Print Friendly, PDF & Email


Posted On: 7 December, 2009
Modified On: 9 July, 2012


Created by: myVMC