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Xanax

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Generic Name: Alprazolam
Product Name: Xanax

Indication

Xanax is indicated for Anxiety, with symptoms of depression and Panic disorder.

Action

Benzodiazepines potentiate the inhibitory effects of gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA throughout the CNS, resulting in anxiolytic, sedative hypnotic, muscle relaxant and antiepileptic effects).

Dose advice

Anxiety:

  • Initially 0.25-0.5mg 3 times daily. Range 0.5-4mg daily.

Panic disorder:

  • Initially 0.5-1mg at night, increased by 0.25-1mg every 3 days until symptoms are controlled.
  • Maximum 10mg daily.

Elderly and/or debilitated patient:

  • Initially 0.25mg 2-3 times daily.

Schedule

S4

Common side effects

  • Drowsiness
  • Over-sedation
  • Light-headedness
  • Memory loss
  • Ataxia
  • Slurred speech

Uncommon side effects

  • Headache
  • Vertigo
  • Hypotension
  • Disorientation
  • Confusion
  • Paradoxical excitation
  • Euphoria
  • Aggression and hostility
  • Anxiety
  • Decreased libido
  • Anterograde amnesia
  • Pain and thrombophlebitis with IV injection
  • Respiratory arrest with IV use

For further information talk to your doctor.

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Dates

Posted On: 22 July, 2003
Modified On: 1 January, 1970

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Created by: myVMC