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Airomir MDI/Accuhaler

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Generic Name: Salbutamol sulfate
Product Name: Airomir MDI/Accuhaler

Indication

  • Used for acute asthma
  • Used for symptom relief during maintenance treatment of asthma and other conditions with reversible airways obstruction
  • Used for protection against exercise induced asthma

Action

  • Relax bronchial smooth muscle by stimulating beta 2 adrenoreceptors, thus increasing airway diameter
  • Fast onset of action (5-15 minutes)
  • Short duration of action (3-6 hours)

Dose advice

Adults:

  • MDI: 100-200mcg (1-2 inhalations) as required or 5-15 minutes before exercise. Repeat 3-4 times daily as necessary
  • DPI (Diskhaler, Rotacaps): 200-400mcg (1-2 inhalations) as required or 5-15 minutes before exercise. Repeat 3-4 times daily as necessary
  • Neb: 2.5-5mg. Repeat 3-4 times daily as necessary (nebulizers are not recommended for maintenance treatment or treatment of acute asthma in adults or children. Nebulizers may be used by doctors for treatment of life-threatening asthma.)
  • Oral: 2-4mg 3-4 times daily (oral route of administration is rarely used)
  • Intravenous, subcutaneous or intramuscular routes of administration may be used by doctors in acute severe asthma

Children:

  • MDI: 100-200mcg (1-2 inhalations) as required or 5-15 minutes before exercise. Repeat 3-4 times daily as necessary.
  • DPI (Diskhaler, Rotacaps): 200-400mcg (1-2 inhalations) as required or 5-15 minutes before exercise. Repeat 3-4 times daily as necessary.
  • Neb:
    • Child<2yrs: 0.1mg/kg up to 2.5mg. Repeat 3-4 times daily as necessary.
    • Child>2yrs and adults: 2.5-5mg. Repeat 3-4 times daily as necessary.
    • Nebulizers are not recommended for maintenance treatment or treatment of acute asthma in adults or children. Nebulizers may be used by doctors for treatment of life-threatening asthma.
  • Oral:
    • Child 2-6 years: 1-2 mg 3 or 4 times daily;
    • Child>6yrs: 2mg 3 or 4 times daily;
    • Adult: 2-4mg 3 or 4 times daily.
    • Oral administration is rarely used.
  • Intravenous, subcutaneous or intramuscular routes of administration may be used by doctors in acute severe asthma

Common side effects

  • Tremor
  • Palpitations
  • Headache

Uncommon side effects

  • Increased heart rate (which can also lead to paroxysmal tachyarrhythmias such as atrial fibrillation or paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia)
  • Muscle cramps
  • Agitation
  • Hyperactivity in children
  • Insomnia
  • Hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar) and hypokalaemia (low blood potassium) when drug taken in high doses

For further information talk to your doctor.

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Dates

Posted On: 22 July, 2003
Modified On: 30 December, 2015
Reviewed On: 1 January, 1970

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Created by: myVMC