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woman in labour

Labour and Birthing Positions

Introduction to labour and birthing positions First stage of labour Upright positions and keeping moving Non-upright positions Water immersion Positions […]
pregnant woman exercising outdoors

Safety Considerations when Exercising During Pregnancy

Women who are better informed about the safety aspects of exercise during pregnancy will be more motivated to be physically active.
pregnant woman exercising outdoors

Beginning an Exercise Program during Pregnancy

Exercise in pregnancy is not only essential for women who are already active and want to maintain their fitness level, but also for women who have never exercised before.
Pregnant woman getting ultrasound from doctor

Exercises To Do and Avoid During Pregnancy

Exercise during pregnancy is well recognised as being both a safe and beneficial practice for mother and foetus with recommendations that pregnant women, considered to be low risk, engage in moderate intensity exercise for 30 minutes a day, 4 times a week.
pregnant woman exercising outdoors

Benefits and Risks of Exercise During Pregnancy

All women who exercise while pregnant should seek advice from their doctor to ensure they are not over doing it or engaging in specific activities that should be avoided.
Pregnant woman getting ultrasound from doctor

Caffeine Consumption During Pregnancy

Introduction Foetal caffeine exposure Recommendations for caffeine consumption during pregnancy Health effects of excessive caffeine consumption during pregnancy Pregnancy outcomes […]

Caffeine consumption while breastfeeding

Introduction Newborn caffeine exposure from breastfeeding Recommendations for caffeine consumption during breastfeeding Health effects for the mother of excessive caffeine […]
Running woman on the beach

Exercise Before Pregnancy

Exercise during pregnancy is usually safe and beneficial for both the mother and baby and this positive effect is even more pronounced in women who are physically active before they become pregnant.
pregnant woman preparing food

Vitamins and minerals: What’s needed during pregnancy

To avoid poor nutrition, pregnant women must consume a range micronutrients, to maintain specific body functions. Micronutrient supplements may be necessary for women who are unable to meet their demands for particular micronutrients from their diet.
female doctor

Testosterone Deficiency, Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome

Testosterone deficiency (hypogonadism) is associated with many chronic health conditions, including type 2 diabetes mellitus and other metabolic disorders.