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Non-hormonal Contraception

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Barrier methods

Male condoms

Male condoms

Male condoms are latex polyurethane sheaths which are put on the erect penis prior to sexual activity. They prevent pregnancy by providing a barrier to the mixing of the partners’ sexual fluids during sexual activity and play an important role in preventing the spread of STIs.

For more information, see Male Condoms.

Female condoms

Female condoms

Female condoms are transparent, loose fitting, polyurethane sheaths with a ring on each end which is inserted into the vagina prior to sexual intercourse. They create a barrier between the woman’s vagina and her partner’s penis or mouth, which prevents the mixing of fluids during sexual activity and protect against pregnancy and spread of STIs.

For more information, see Female Condoms.



A diaphragm is a flexible ring covered with a domeshaped sheet of elastic material used in the vagina to prevent pregnancy. They have been shown to provide some protection against some STIs, but not all.

For more information, see Diaphragm.

Other methods

Intrauterine device (IUD)

Intrauterine Device

An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small T shaped plastic device that is placed inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy. It is a long lasting and easily reversible method of contraception and is currently the second most commonly used method worldwide following sterilisation.

For more information, see Intrauterine Device (IUD).

Male sterilisation (vasectomy)

Male Sterilisation (Vasectomy)

Vasectomy is a surgical procedure for male sterilisation, that is, surgery which makes a man unable to conceive. It involves severing the vas deferens (the tube linking the testicles to the ejaculatory ducts in the penis) and in most cases blocking or tying one or both of the severed ends. This effectively blocks the path by which sperm leave the testes.

For more information, see Vasectomy.
Watch a video on Vasectomy.

Withdrawal method

Withdrawal Contraception

Withdrawal is a contraceptive method in which the male partner interrupts intercourse, so that he can withdraw his penis from his partner’s vagina prior to ejaculation. It is also known as coitus interruptus or simply as “pulling out”.

For more information, see Withdrawal Contraceptive Method.

More information

For more information on different types of contraception, male and female anatomy and related health issues, see Contraception.

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Posted On: 9 December, 2009
Modified On: 30 March, 2017

Created by: myVMC