Generic Name: Lignocaine
Product Name: Xylocaine Viscous
Xylocaine viscous is a topical local anaesthetic used for relief of pain and discomfort associated with irritated or inflamed mucous membranes of the mouth, throat, and upper gastrointestinal tract. Xylocaine viscous is an anaesthetic agent that numbs the upper gastrointestinal tract, and is used for post-tonsillectomy sore throat, dumping syndrome, and instrumentation of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract.
Xylocaine viscous acts to block temporarily the pathway of pain impulses along nerve fibres. This relieves or prevents pain in the area where it has been applied.
Reactions and complications are best avoided by administering the lowest possible effective dose. Patients such as the elderly, debilitated, acutely ill and children should be given doses according to their age and physical condition. The bottle should be shaken well prior to use. The usual adult dose for symptomatic treatment of irritated/inflamed mucous membranes of the mouth and pharynx is 15ml undiluted. For use in the mouth, the solution should be swished around in the mouth for 30 seconds and spat out. For use in the pharynx, the solution should be gargled and may then be swallowed. This dose should not be administed at intervals of less than 3 hours.
- Adults: The maximum dose is 15ml every three hours or 120ml in a 24 hour period.
- For children over 3 years, the maximum dose is 4.5mg/kg bodyweight or 5ml every three hours or 40ml in a 24 hour period.
- For children under 3 years, 1.25ml applied with a cotton swab every three hours or 10ml in a 24 hour period.
Common side effects
- Blurred vision
- Shaking, usually of the hands (tremor)
- Low blood pressure (hypotension)
- Slow heart rate (bradycardia)
Uncommon side effects
- Seizures (convulsions)
- Decreased electrical impulses within the heart (myocardial depression).
- Hypersensitivity reactions such as narrowing of the airways (bronchospasm), swelling of the lips, throat and tongue (angioedema) or severe skin reaction (toxic epidermal necrolysis).For further information talk to your doctor.