Generic Name: acamprosate calcium
Product Name: Acamprosate Mylan
Indication: What Acamprosate Mylan is used for
Acamprosate Mylan is used in the treatment of alcohol dependence. It helps people who are dependent on alcohol to abstain from drinking alcoholic beverages.
Alcohol dependence is an illness that can and should be treated. Drinking too much alcohol may harm your health and cause physical, psychological and social problems. If this happens to you, your doctor may advise you to stop drinking alcohol altogether.
If you drink too much alcohol, your body and nervous system adapt to its effects. When you suddenly stop drinking, you may experience some unpleasant symptoms (known as alcohol withdrawal syndrome or the “shakes”), which can last up to 2 weeks.
During alcohol withdrawal, you may feel shaky, have an upset stomach, a fast heartbeat and high blood pressure. You may also feel anxious, down or be in a bad mood.
Sometimes, you may see things that are not there, or suffer from a headache or not be able to sleep.
If these symptoms are severe, you may need observation in hospital.
After going through this difficult period, your doctor will encourage you to live without alcohol through counselling. Acamprosate Mylan, in combination with counselling from a general practitioner, psychiatrist, psychologist, or a drug and alcohol counsellor, will help you to stop yourself from starting to drink again.
Acamprosate Mylan is not recommended for use in children or elderly patients.
Acamprosate Mylan is available only with a doctor’s prescription.
There is no evidence that Acamprosate Mylan is addictive.
Action: How Acamprosate Mylan works
Acamprosate Mylan works by acting on certain chemical changes that have taken place in your brain over the time that you have been drinking alcohol.
The active ingredient in Acamprosate Mylan is acamprosate calcium. Each tablet contains 333 mg of acamprosate calcium. The tablets also contain crospovidone, microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium silicate dihydrate, sodium starch glycollate, colloidal anhydrous silica, magnesium stearate, purified talc, propylene glycol, and Eudragit L 30 D-55.
The tablets do not contain sucrose, lactose, gluten, tartrazine or any other azo dyes.
Dose advice: How to use Acamprosate Mylan
Before you take Acamprosate Mylan
When you must not take it
Do not take Acamprosate Mylan if you have an allergy to:
- Any medicine containing acamprosate calcium;
- Any of the ingredients listed here.
Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction may include:
- Shortness of breath;
- Wheezing or difficulty breathing;
- Swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body;
- Rash, itching or hives on the skin.
Do not take Acamprosate Mylan if:
- You have kidney disease;
- You have a severe liver disease.
Do not take this medicine if you are pregnant. The safety of Acamprosate Mylan has not been established in pregnant women.
Do not take this medicine if you are breastfeeding. Like many other medicines, Acamprosate Mylan can pass into breast milk and may affect your baby.
Do not take this medicine after the expiry date printed on the pack or if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering. If it has expired or is damaged, return it to your pharmacist for disposal.
Before you start to take it
As Acamprosate Mylan does not treat the symptoms of alcohol withdrawal, it is recommended that you start taking Acamprosate Mylan:
- After you have stopped drinking; and;
- As soon as the withdrawal symptoms have ended.
Tell your doctor if you have allergies to any other medicines, foods, dyes or preservatives.
Tell your doctor if you have any other health problems or medical conditions.
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant or breastfeeding. Your doctor can discuss with you the risks and benefits involved.
If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell them before you start taking Acamprosate Mylan.
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including any that you get without a prescription from a pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.
Some medicines and Acamprosate Mylan may interfere with each other.
How to take Acamprosate Mylan
Follow all directions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist carefully. They may differ from the information contained here.
If you do not understand the instructions on the pack, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.
How much to take
The usual dose for adults weighing 60 kg or more is 2 tablets three times daily with meals.
For adults weighing less than 60 kg, the recommended dose is 2 tablets in the morning, 1 tablet at midday and 1 tablet at night. These doses are also to be taken with meals.
How to take it
Swallow the tablets whole with a glass of water. Do not break, crush or chew the tablets.
The tablets have a special coating to prevent a stomach upset.
How long to take it
Acamprosate Mylan is usually taken for one year.
Continue taking your medicine for as long as your doctor tells you.
If you forget to take it
If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to.
Otherwise, take the missed dose as soon as you remember, and then go back to taking your medicine as you would normally.
Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose you missed.
If you are not sure what to do, ask your doctor or pharmacist. If you have trouble remembering to take your medicine, ask your pharmacist for some hints.
If you take too much (overdose)
Immediately telephone your doctor or the Poisons Information Centre (telephone 13 11 26) for advice, or go to Accident and Emergency at the nearest hospital, if you think you or anyone else may have taken too much Acamprosate Mylan. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning. qYou may need urgent medical attention.
While you are taking Acamprosate Mylan
Things you must do
It is important to continue taking Acamprosate Mylan even if you have a short relapse.
If you are about to be started on any new medicine, remind your doctor and pharmacist that you are taking Acamprosate Mylan.
Tell any other doctors, dentists and pharmacists who treat you that you are taking this medicine.
If you become pregnant while taking this medicine, tell your doctor immediately.
Keep all of your doctor’s appointments so that your progress can be checked.
Things you must not do
Do not use Acamprosate Mylan to treat any other complaints unless your doctor tells you to.
Do not give Acamprosate Mylan to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.
Do not stop taking your medicine or change the dosage without checking with your doctor.
Things to be careful of
Drinking alcohol while taking Acamprosate Mylan will not make you feel sick. However, you are advised not to drink alcohol at all during your treatment with Acamprosate Mylan. Even if you only drink a little alcohol, you run the risk of making your treatment fail.
After using Acamprosate Mylan
Keep your tablets in the pack until it is time to take them. If you take the tablets out of the pack they may not keep well.
Keep your tablets in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 30°C.
Do not store Acamprosate Mylan or any other medicine in the bathroom or near a sink. Do not leave it in the car or on a window sill. Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.
Keep it where children cannot reach it. A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.
If your doctor tells you to stop taking this medicine or the expiry date has passed, ask your pharmacist what to do with any medicine that is left over.
Schedule of Acamprosate Mylan
Acamprosate Mylan is a Schedule 4 (prescription only) medicine.
Side effects of Acamprosate Mylan
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking Acamprosate Mylan. This medicine helps most people with alcohol dependence, but it may have unwanted side effects in a few people. All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most of the time they are not. You may need medical attention if you get some of the side effects.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
Do not be alarmed by this list of side effects. You may not experience any of them.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice any of the following and they worry you:
Tell your doctor if you notice anything that is making you feel unwell. Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some people.
For further information talk to your doctor.