Generic Name: Sodium valproate
Product Name: Valpro
Indication of Valpro
Valpro is a medicine used in the treatment of several different types of epilepsy, and in mania.
Action of Valpro
Valpro works to treat epilepsy by preventing the excessive electrical activity (which causes fits) in the brain. It is thought to achieve this by increasing the activity of a neurotransmitter called GABA in the brain. Neurotransmitters are chemicals that are stored in nerve cells and are involved in transmitting messages between the nerve cells. GABA is a neurotransmitter that helps keep the nerve activity in the brain in balance. Sodium valproate is thought to increase the production and prevent the breakdown of GABA in the brain. This increases the calming activity of GABA in the brain, which stabilises the electrical nerve activity and helps prevents fits. Sodium valproate may also stabilise the electrical nerve activity by preventing sodium from entering the nerve cells when they begin to fire rapid and repetitive electrical signals. A build up of sodium in the nerve cells is necessary for an electrical signal to build up and be passed on, so sodium valproate may also prevent fits in this way.
Dose advice of Valpro
Valpro tablets should be taken with food. Recommended daily doses are as follows.Epilepsy:
Schedule of Valpro
Common side effects of Valpro
Valpro may cause some of the following common side effects:
Uncommon side effects of Valpro
Valpro may occasionally cause some of the following effects. You should discuss these with your doctor.
- MIMS Australia Pty Ltd. Sodium Valproate [online]. 2003. Available from: URL: http://www.mims.com.au
For further information talk to your doctor.