Generic Name: Hydrocortisone acetate
Product Name: Colifoam Rectal Foam
Used to treat conditions where the anus and rectum become inflamed, including:
- Ulcerative colitis.
- Granular proctitis.
This medication contains a steroid, a drug that is very effective at reducing inflammation. Applied to the inflamed surface, it settles the area reducing pain and swelling. Some of the drug may be absorbed into the system, therefore it is possible that the patient may suffer the side effects of steroid therapy, which are listed below.
Colifoam Rectal Foam comes with an applicator, which should be filled from the aerosol can and holds 90-100mg of the active ingredient. Using some of the foam as lubrication, insert the applicator into the anus and depress the plunger until all the foam is dispensed. Clean applicator thoroughly after each use.
Dosages are as follows:
- one applicatorful once or twice daily for two to three weeks
- one applicatorful once every second day after that.
Common side effects
The side effects listed are those seen with systemic steroid treatment, and wouldnâ??t usually be seen with use of Colifoam Rectal Foam. However, a percentage (sometimes up to 50%) of this
topical treatment may be absorbed into the rest of the body, a number of these side effects are possible. In the case of Colifoam Rectal Foam, these are mostly seen if the dose is too high or withdrawal is occurring:
- Behavioural changes (nervousness, insomnia, euphoria, mood swings).
- Slow wound healing, acne.
- Decreased sensitivity to insulin.
- Increased number and severity of infections.
- Cataracts (long-term therapy).
Uncommon side effects
Again, these are usually seen with systemic steroids, but are listed here as they are theoretically possible:
- Extreme salt imbalance may lead to heart irregularities and even cardiac arrest.
- More serious behavioural changes such as manic depression, paranoia or psychosis.
- Thinning of the skin (several months of high dose therapy).
- Purple discolouration of skin of hands and forearm.
- Menstrual irregularities.
- Cushingâ??s syndrome.
- Growth retardation in children.
- Weakness of shoulders and hips.
For further information talk to your doctor.